53 CANINE AND HUMAN 'PECULIARITIES'
CANINE AND HUMAN 'PECULIARITIES'
You have little chance in the busy world of today of finding a newly published book on dogs entitled: "Dogs: Their Points, Whims, Instincts, and Peculiarities - With a Retrospection of Dog Shows ". The title alone dates this book, which was edited by Henry Webb. The Rev Charles Williams was responsible for another book, about the same time, entitled: "Dogs and Their Ways; Illustrated by Numerous Anecdotes Compiled From Authentic Sources". The sheer quaintness of such titles indicates a certain charm as well as a certain time in book publishing. The value of such books, to me, is that they tend to record highly individual almost eccentric behaviour in dogs which adds to our knowledge of them.
A more recent account of the capricious behaviour of a Foxhound over a lady's hat would find no outlet nowadays but is still fascinating. A Foxhound, when puppy-walked by a lady hunt-follower, showed a distinct fondness for one of her hats, which was discouraged. One day, a whole year later, when this pup had joined his pack as an entered adult, it was in full cry and passing the lady who had reared him. Unfortunately she had fallen into a water-filled dyke and was clinging to tree roots with both hands; she was however wearing the very hat which the hound, as a puppy in her care, had so much coveted. The now-adult passing hound, without slowing down, galloped over to the vulnerable hat-owner, reached triumphantly down and deftly lifted the hat from her head, to rejoin the frantic pace of the hunt, hat in mouth.
A few years ago a lady breeder expressed strong views on ear-cropping in her breed yet bred from stock which carried primary glaucoma. I suspect that her dogs would prefer cropped ears, however painfully executed - and it is, to blindness and an early death. Perhaps kennel-blindness should be bred out! Far too many breeders of pure-bred dogs will happily sign a petition to stop ear-cropping or tail-docking but will not take the time to complete a health survey form for their breed and then sign it. The Kennel Club has long been the easy Aunt Sally for the moaning members of breed clubs, at times rightly so. But I am full of praise for the KC's increasing efforts to attempt to survey the genetic health of pure breeds registered with them. Support for their attempts to do so is, sadly, poor.
A couple of years ago, I wrote in an article that every breed club should, as a pre-condition of registration, have to have both a health coordinator backed by a committee and an up-and-running breed rescue scheme. My instinct is always against over-regulation, but when dogs' health is demoted to an unacceptably low priority or given no priority at all, then I believe a resort to regulation is imperative. If breed club officials don't care about the health of their breed, then they should be made to, or face a failure to obtain KC registration. This isn't a matter where human whim can be left to indulge itself; it is a crucial issue for the future of a number of breeds. The pursuit of better health and a healthier genotype should be conducted with all the determination, acuity and opportunism of our hat-stealing Foxhound. We must take our chance before it is too late. If a whim is a sudden fancy then a sudden fancy to safeguard the best long term interests of our purebred dogs is desperately needed. But why desperately needed?
There are of course breed clubs which have made laudable efforts to combat problems in their breeds. The quick and decisive action of the Alaskan Malamute Club of America reduced the rate of dwarfism in their breed to zero per cent. The water storage problem in the Portuguese Water Dog in America was successfully overcome. Some individuals in the Boxer world here have worked really hard to combat axonopathy in the breed. Keeshond breeders here tried hard to fight epilepsy in their breed. The Golden Retriever Breed council has a commendable awareness of inheritable problems in their breed. The Kennel Club will not allow carriers of CLAD to be registered from June next year - a hugely significant precedent.
I salute the work of the Bedlington Terrier community in tackling the copper toxicosis problem; this involved both the show and the working clubs, some achievement. The University of Utrecht was involved in this work, proving the absolute need for international collaboration. The Genetics Chairman of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier Club of America sent details of their health survey to UK breed fanciers; one of the most worrying findings was the incidence of hypothyroidism. I do hope that this ancient breed isn't going to be penalised by a lack of comparable research here. The internet is going to be an important source of information exchange between breeders and scientists from now on. But I suspect that the answer lies more in the heart of man. Within every breed there is concealed knowledge about breeds, lines of breeding and certain kennels. There can be no moral justification for such concealment.
The Kennel Club is at last trying to lead the way over combating dog's inherited ailments or predispositions to conditions. The Animal Health Trust works nobly. But I suspect that in every breed of purebred dog there are inheritable flaws being concealed, hushed up or just plain ignored. This is wholly irresponsible and morally reprehensible. The reporting, recording and collating of data on dogs' genetic problems must become the leading priority of every breed club permitted to be registered with the KC. It is the task of every dog-lover to serve these admirable creatures who give us precedence when allocating their love, which really does 'supersede' their love of themselves. It shouldn't require legislation to force breed clubs to serve their own breed more honourably but if it does, so be it. If a breed club seeks registration with the KC, so that it can run shows for example, then wider responsibilities must surely accompany such a right.
The whims and peculiarities of dogs are quaint; leaving the improvement of dogs' genetic health to man's whim is far from quaint and definitely peculiar. Breeding dogs to an unhealthy design is already receiving attention in the European legislature; breeding dogs likely to inherit disabling faults is a matter of individual conscience and collective will within breeds themselves. But as research stumbles forward unaided by clubs, I do hope that public moral outrage alone will not, in an age of animal fanaticism, shame those breeders of purebred dogs who are more wallet-led than conscience-directed. We have so many good breeders of dogs in this country; why should they be dragged down by the morally-bankrupt? It's time that our love for dogs superseded that for our own bank balances.